For the past many years, Adobe Photoshop has been the standard image-editing software for photographers. Some say it is complicated to use; however, its comprehensive and powerful features make it one of the widely used image editors. In fact, photographers with different ability levels can use Photoshop with relative ease.
- Using adjustment layers
With adjustment layers, you can apply edits to your photos and:
- Make various adjustments without changing the original image or debasing its quality.
Saving an image with adjustment layers implemented will require you to save it in a TIFF or PSD format – a JPEF file format is compressed and flattened which doesn’t support layers.
- Converting to black and white
If you want to convert a JPEG file to mono, Photoshop CS6 has a powerful option of the Black & White adjustment layer. You can either choose the default conversion, one of the 12 presets, or do the labour of adjusting the conversion of singular colors to greyscale using the layers.
- The Camera Raw Filter
This filter gives access to all those controls that are offered in Adobe Camera Raw within the standard Photoshop interface. This implies that a JPEG shot file or a converted raw file can be adjusted with ease and speed. An ideal way to utilize this filter is to either create a duplicate of the Background layer or combine the visible layers into another layer at the top of the stack, then go to Filter > Convert for Smart Filters. You are now able to the apply Camera Raw filter and go back to editing your adjustments later as per your wish.
- Healing Brush
The Healing Brush performs retouching jobs taking into account a simple dust spot removal to more complicated object elimination. You can use this tool by:
- Holding down the Alt/Option key and tapping near the space that needs retouching;
- Then sampling the replacement pixels for the repair; and
- Finally clicking and moving to brush the selected pixels into the space to be retouched.
- Dodge and Burn
It is a mainstream technique for modifying the brightness of particular areas of an image. To use these tools, you should work on either the Background layer or a duplicate of it because these tools are “destructive” implying that they will permanently adjust pixels. Using the Dodge Tool, you can brush over an area to lighten it or the Burn Tool to darken it.
- Blending Modes
This is a straightforward yet important feature for altering the way a layer interfaces with the layer beneath. Bending modes can be applied to various layers such as adjustment layers to accomplish a range of effects, for example, colors and contrast. An ideal method to determine how they function is to:
- Create a duplicate of the Background layer by choosing it and pressing Ctrl+J;
- With the activated new layer, move through the drop-down menu at the top of the Layers panel;
Explore different avenues of the blending modes.